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Word Nerd: Homophones….Homographs….Homonyms

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, February 20, 2018
Updated: Tuesday, February 20, 2018

 

 Have you ever read something that was misleading due to inappropriate context?  We often overlook mistakes in professional correspondence because some words are rarely identified by the common spellchecking program.  These errors result in negative consequences for the writer and sometimes the organization represented.  Homophones, homographs and homonyms are culprits that will wreak havoc unless you understand how they work.

 

 

 

First, homophones.

The root –phone means “sound,” as it does in telephone and phonics.

They are words that sound the same, but have different meanings and are spelled differently.

Ex:  doe, a dear…. and dough that you bake into bread

 

Next, homographs.

The root –graph means “write,” as it does in autograph and telegraph.

Homographs are words that share the same spelling, but have different meanings, and are sometimes pronounced differently.

Ex: The driver ‘tears’ the speeding ticket into pieces, as her eyes fill with ‘tears’ for being stopped by the police.  Homographs because both words are spelled “T-E-A-R-S.”

 

Finally, homonyms.

The root –onym means “name.”  You hear it in synonym and antonym.

Homonyms are two or more words that share the same pronunciation, but have different meanings, regardless of the spellings. 

Ex: The ‘bank’ robber sat on the ‘bank’ of the river, wondering where to go next.  ‘By’ the way, did you ‘buy’ her flowers before you bid her good-‘bye?’

 

Can you identify the homophones, homographs and homonyms?

The principle complaint by the principal is that he got bored during the Board of Directors meeting. To him, it took too long to read a two page report. The secretary, dressed in red, read and emphasized every minute detail about the minutes. After the minutes were read and approved, the principal soared from his seat and hit a wall!  Now he’s in the hospital, broken and sore.  Since everyone else displayed patience and common sense, they now visit him in the hospital with all the other patients!

 

Make sure you “yous” the “wright” homophones, homographs and homonyms to communicate effectively!

 

Do you have an idea for a future Word Nerd topic? Share it in the comment box below!

 

Word Nerd is a quarterly feature created by members of the SDA National Membership Committee. Special thanks to Gloria Jackson, CDFA for this quarter's topic. Gloria is the Office Manager for Christy/Cobb, Inc. in Birmingham, Alabama.

 

Tags:  Homographs  Homonyms  Homophones  sda  Society for Design Administration  Word Nerd 

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Word Nerd: When to Use e.g. or i.e.

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, August 23, 2017
Updated: Wednesday, August 23, 2017

 

Word Nerd: When to Use e.g. or i.e.

 

  

i.e. = clarifications

Think of the i at the beginning of i.e. as standing for the first word in the phrase “in other words,” indicating that the clause that follows will rephrase or explain what precedes the term.  It is not used for a list of examples, it is used when you want to explain what you just said in a different way.  I.e. narrows down and clarifies a statement.

  • I’ll listen to anything; i.e., I like any kind of music.
  • After work, I’ll walk over to that new sports arena (i.e., The American Airlines Center).

__________________________________________________________________________

e.g. = examples

E.g. is a little more straightforward since e stands for exempli meaning “example.”  Use e.g. when you give one or more possible examples.  E.g. opens up more options.

  • I’ll listen to anything (e.g., country-western, rap, light jazz).
  • After work, I’ll walk over to a sports arena, e.g., The American Airlines Center, Victory Court or Mile High Stadium.

What else?

  • It is always correct to simply write out, "for example," or "that is."
  • Since these are abbreviations, they do require a period after each letter.
  • All but one main style guide recommends a comma after use: i.e., and e.g.,
  • Both e.g. and i.e. are presented in lower case when they show up in the middle of a sentence (i.e., like this).
  • You can use parentheses or commas with both. To indicate a separate clause, you can either insert a comma before "i.e." or "e.g." or you can use parentheses. If you use parentheses, open them right before the "e.g." or "i.e." and close them after you have given your example or alternate definition. Examples of both are above.

 

 Do you have an idea for a future Word Nerd topic? Share it in the comment box below!

 

Word Nerd is a quarterly feature created by members of the SDA National Membership Committee. Special thanks to Brooke Simcik, CDFA for this quarter's topic. Brooke is the Business Manager of VAI Architects, Incorporated in Dallas, Texas and currently serves as the SDA National Vice-President for the 2017-2018 term.

Tags:  SDA  Society for Design Administration  Word Nerd 

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